Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu begins his genealogy book (Spanish text) with a brief prolog. He chronicles the founding of San Juan Bautista de Cadereyta, Nuevo Leon, Mexico and the population growth from the original 20 founding families to 53,582 people reported on the 1990 Cadereyta census. In the first two Chapters, he recounts the initial founding (8/13/1637) and the reasons for the subsequent re-foundings of Cadereyta. Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu describes the distribution of community lands; ‘ejidos’ and enumerates the 41 Indian tribes (Table 1) that surround Cadereyta, Nuevo Leon. He concludes his second chapter by outlining the costumes of some of the Indian tribes and their hunting and dietary habits.
Table 1. This table lists the 41 Indian tribes that lived next to San Juan Bautista de Cadereyta, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
The third chapter of this genealogy book chronicles historic events derived from the correspondence of the former mayor of Cadereyta from 1765 through 1842. This chapter recounts the recognition of the emperor (Agustin de Iturbide), city council membership, Cholera epidemic, Centralist against Federalist, Indian and bandit problems. For the genealogist there are lists of Cadereyta city employees, military recruits (Table 2), city council members, citizens who have weapons, members of 1st infantry, and of the 1st through 3rd cavalry.
|Tomas Garcia leal||Miguel De La Garza||Antonio Rendon||Rosario de la Garza|
|Agustin de Los Santos||Jose Maria Trevino||Tomas Valdez||Juan Gonzalez|
|Mauricio Perez||Feliciano Flores||Juan Lerma||Hilario Arellano|
|Irineo Guerrero||Remigio Carrillo||Juan Pena||Francisco Esparza|
|Silverio Ramirez||Agapito Garcia||Francisco Castillo||Valentin Galvan|
|Macario De La Garza||Blas Guadiana||Mateo Rodriguez||Neponio Galvez|
Table 2. List of Cadereyta Jimenez citizens that can handle weapons to form two active Companies in the free state of Nuevo Leon (7/11/1826).
Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu’s fourth and fifth chapters relate events derived from the Mayoral correspondence from 1843 through 1859. These correspondence recounts the 1843 victory over Texas (Mier, Tamauilpas), election of Governor, Bishop Visit, Fight of Agapito Trevino, Election of Juan Alvarez and a gun fight with the famous bandit Pedro Garcia. The author enumerates the Cadereyta citizens who form the 1st and 2nd Auxiliaries, Jurisdictions of Cadereyta Jimenez, Nuevo Leon (Table 3), foreigners who live in Cadereyta Jimenez, and lists of the Mobil National Guard infantry and cavalry.
|San Jose||Castillo||Soledad De Herrera|
|Santa Ana||San Bartolome||Dolores|
|Cieneguia Del Rio||Santa Fe||Enramada|
Table 3. List of the communities within the Jurisdiction of Cadereyta Jimenez, Nuevo Leon, Mexico on October 2, 1848.
The sixth chapter of this genealogy book recounts the historic events derived from the Mayoral correspondence from 1862 through 1876. Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu describes the small pox epidemics, bandit activity, the French Intervention, marching orders, battles, and the end of the Empire in Nuevo Leon. In this chapter the Author provides lists of National Guard soldiers, Mobil National Guard soldiers sent to Matamoros, Cadereyta citizens put in prison, and Cadereyta Jimenez officials of rank
Chapter seven describes the events derived from the Mayoral correspondence from 1870 through 1911. This chapter recounts the Assassination of Commander Manuel Ortega, Kikapoo Indians, yellow fever, small pox epidemic, ceremonies for building a bridge, Cadereyta city clock and decoration of Porfirio Diaz. Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu enumerates Manuel Ortega’s company of National Guard Cavalry and the doctors that practiced in Cadereyta Jimenez, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
The last chapter of this genealogy book derived from Mayoral correspondence from 1913 through 1993 discusses the revolutionary forces, bandits, primary schools, businesses, and the robbery of the municipal treasury of Cadereyta Jimenez. Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu lists prisoners that were set free by revolutionary forces, primary schools, and citizens that have set up business in Cadereyta Jimenez and its jurisdiction.
Chapters nine through twelve of this genealogy book describe the categories of all the localities of Cadereyta Jimenez, Nuevo Leon (city, community, hacienda, rancho, ejido or station) with the census populations of each (Unfortunately, Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu did not provide the date of this Cadereyta census.), a list of municipal presidents of Cadereyta from 8/13/1637 through 1997, the founding of Cerralvo, and the characteristics and geography of Cadereyta Jimenez with maps and Cadereyta census population numbers from 1821 through 1990. Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu concludes his genealogy book with 18 biographies (Table 4), an explanation of the Cadereyta city shield and a bibliography of his sources.
|Cantu Trevino, Carlos||Gomez Reyna, Irene||Pena Flores, Tomas|
|De Leon, Alonso||Gonzalez, Leonarda||Trevino Leal, Geronimo|
|De Leon Gonzalez, Alonso||Guerrero Guajardo, Anacleto||Sada Gomez, Francisco|
|Garcia Davila, Agapito||Leal Leal, Abelardo Antonio De Jesus||Sada Salazar, Manuela|
Table 4. This table lists the biographies which Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu provides in his genealogy book.
In summation of this book review, I found that this genealogy book has three great features. The first, is the large time span of Cadereyta history covered by this book (1637 – 1997). The second is Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu’s extensive use of Mayoral correspondence to describe the history of events in Cadereyta Jimenez, In summation of this Hispanic genealogy book review, I found that this genealogy book has three great features. The first, is the large time span of Cadereyta Jimenez history covered by this book (1637 – 1997). The second is Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu’s extensive use of Mayoral correspondence to describe the history of events in Cadereyta Jimenez, Nuevo Leon and the surrounding area. While his use of Mayoral correspondence gives insight into what it was like for our ancestors to live in those times, the reader could have benefited from a major events table. This would have given the reader an understanding of the role of regional events in relation to the Mexican history. The last feature of this genealogy book, which would be of interest to genealogist, is his use of lists (soldier, foreigner, businessmen list, etc.), to describe the participants of Cadereyta history. In concluding this Hispanic genealogy book review, I found this genealogy book to be an excellent genealogy resource for anyone who has ancestors from Cadereyta Jimenez, Nuevo Leon, especially if your ancestors served in city or military positions.
San Juan Bautista de Cadereyta, Jose Guadalupe Hinojosa Cantu, Monterrey, 234 pages, Copyright 1995.